The Linotype machine was the invention that absolutely powered the mass-printing industry. Thomas Edison, it is said, called it the "Eighth Wonder of the World.”
The printer’s devil
an apprentice in a printing establishment who performed a number of tasks, such as mixing tubs of ink and fetching type.
Look for comments by our Printers Devil throughout the Printing Times
In 1987, everything was still geared to printed communications. 50,000 printing plants in the U.S. employed more than one million workers
"Trying to imagine our modern world without printed communication is like trying to imagine a desert without sand or an ocean without water.
Virtually everything we do is geared to printed communication.
The information required in a democratic society is distributed to mass audiences via brochures, advertising leaflets, billboards and other media as well as the ever-present newspapers, magazines and books."
From the Introduction to The Graphics of Communication — Typography, Layout, Design, Production. Fifth Edition, 1987 by Russell N. Baird, Arthur Turnbull, Duncan McDonald
you’ll find very few of them in print today
The world of letterpress, lithography, and rotogravure printing has almost disappeared. Typesetting is not dependent upon the skilled hands of compositors, or the nimble fingers of linotype and monotype operators. And who needs to know that type high is .918 of an inch? Who cares to differentiate between a stereotype and a zinc? Where would you find a matrix? You won’t find a hell box anywhere today. Or a frisket. Or quoins. There is no longer a job for a printer’s devil.
…so this website draws your attention
to the print world of the 20th Century
Primarily the world of advertising, although you’ll find lots of commentary on technology and journalism. We seek to illustrate how advertising changed as technology evolved and how copywriting and artwork reflected variations in societal norms of the last century.
Print advertisements reflect
how life was lived in the 20th Century
Advertising in the last century, print advertising specifically, showcased life as it was lived across the western world. Advertisements simply announced the better mousetraps, how they were better and where they could be purchased. Consumers did beat paths to advertisers’ doors, at least to those whose messages were presented creatively.
And that is what this website is all about. It is not an anthology of great advertising. It’s just an advertisement. It doesn’t sell. It tells stories, called posts today on websites like this, about advertising creativity in print media of the past.
Explore the stories, marvel at the creativity or lack of it, compare these print advertisements with today’s commercials on broadcast media, and shed a little tear for days gone by.
Over the past 15 years, the United States has lost 2,100 newspapers, leaving at least 1,800 communities that had a local news outlet in 2004 without any at the beginning of 2020.
In only two decades, successive technological and economic assaults have destroyed the for-profit business model that sustained local journalism in the United States for two centuries. Hundreds of news organizations – century-old newspapers as well as nascent digital sites – have vanished. By early 2020, many survivors were hanging on by the slimmest of profit margins.
Use the link below to read about it in the fourth report by the UNC Hussman School of Journalism and Media, documenting and analyzing the loss of local news and its implications for democracy.
Goodbye to the Hometown Paper
Washington Post Magazine Columnist Margaret Sullivan started out in a vibrant local-newspaper industry. Now that industry is vanishing. Writing about the decline of local news, Ms. Sullivan writes: “The consequences of rapidly vanishing local newspapers may not always be obvious, but they are insidious. Between 2008 and 2017, American newspapers cut 45 percent of their newsroom staffs; even deeper cutbacks came in the years after that. Some of the most trusted sources of news are slipping away, never to return.”
You can read Margaret Sullivan's concerns in Washington Post Magazine and in her book: Ghosting the News: Local Journalism and the Crisis of American Democracy
America’s local newspapers confront an apocalypse
Reporting on March 31, 2020 in the newsletter The Media Today, published by the Columbia Journalism Review, freelance journalist Jon Allsop summarized employee layoffs, “temporary furloughing” and paycuts at local newspapers across the United States.
Read HERE what was a torrent of dire news
Ed Benguiat, a Master of Typography,
died Oct. 15, 2020, age 92
A noted graphic designer, he was an expert in typefaces, developing many himself and “fixing” others. His work adorns The New York Times. Mr. Benguiat was an important figure in the design world for a number of reasons. According to his citation in the Art Directors Club Hall of Fame, where he was inducted in 2000, he helped establish the International Typeface Corporation, the first independent licensing company for type designers, and became its vice president. He also taught for almost 50 years at the School of Visual Arts in Manhattan.
Read about Mr. Benguiat in this account
from The New York Times, October 18, 2020